Anselm

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Saint Anselm 1033/4-1109 was widely influential medieval philosopher and theologian. Anselm is perhaps most famous to philosophers as the author of the ontological argument for the existence of God. But he also authored a number of other arguments for the existence of God, based on cosmological and teleological grounds.

To theologians however, Anselm is important because he interprets the death and resurrection as the self satisfaction of God in order to allow for the salvation of sinful men and women who's salvation would otherwise offend God's inherent property of justice, and thereby establishes one of the most prominent atonement theories in the history of theology.

Major Works:

Monologion
Proslogon

Other Dialogs:

De Veritate
De Libertate
De Grammatico
Cur Deus Homo?