Richard Milhous Nixon was born in 1913 in Yorba Linda, California, and died in 1994. He was the only president to have resigned from office. This followed the scandal after the uncovering of the Watergate conspiracy.
His mother was a devout Quaker and a wonderful parent. But his father, Frank Nixon, was a slightly paranoid, bitter man, and Richard took more after his father. He attended Whittier College, Duke University Law School, served in World War II, and was elected to Congress in 1946, in a class of ex-GI freshmen that included his future rival John Kennedy, of Massachusetts.
Nixon climbed the ladder swiftly; he made his name as an anti-Communist; was elected to the Senate in 1950, and in 1952 was elected Vice President on Dwight Eisenhower's ticket. He was only 39 years old.
In 1960, he ran for President on his own but lost to John Kennedy.
In 1962, he lost a race for Governor of California.
But in 1968, he completed a remarkable political comeback by beating Hubert Humphrey and becoming the 37th U.S. president.
Major initiatives during his presidency:
- Re-establishment of diplomatic relations with China
- Established the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- Escalated, then ended U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War
- Space Shuttle program started
Supreme court Appointments
- Previous President: Lyndon Johnson
- Next President: Gerald R. Ford
- Vice Presidents: Spiro Agnew, Gerald R. Ford