- Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Mehmed III (1595-1603) to Ahmed I (1603-1617)
- James VI of Scotland succeeded his cousin Elizabeth I as king of England (taking the name James I).
- Johann Bayer's Uranometria, an atlas of the southern sky, is published.
- End of Azuchi-Momoyama period in Japan, beginning of Edo period.
- Elizabeth I, English queen.