- Pedro Texeira makes the first ascent of the Amazon River, from its mouth to Quito, Ecuador. The same trip had been made in the opposite direction in 1541.
- The Netherlands colonizes Mauritius.
- Shipwrecked sailors from England found the first known European settlement in Belize.
- Swedish settlers arrive on the ships Kalmare Nyckel and Fågel Grip to the American colony New Sweden (Delaware).
- Louis XIV, king of France
- Johann Heinrich Alsted, German theologian