- February 6 - Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, founding document of New Zealand
- February 11 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera "La Fille du Regiment" premieres in Paris.
- Dom Pedro II becomes the second and last emperor of Brazil.
- February 11 - Samuel Dana Greene, Lieutenant Commander (Union Navy)
- November 14: Claude Monet (painter)
- Auguste Rodin, sculptor