- February 11 - Helene Kroller-Muller Dutch museum founder and patron of the arts.
- October 2 - Mohandas Gandhi, Indian politician
- August 12 - A decree from emperor Norton I dissolves and abolishes the Democratic and Republican parties
- November 6: The first intercollegiate American football game is played. Rutgers defeats Princeton, 6 to 4.
- Ulysses S. Grant succeeds Andrew Johnson as President of the United States of America