- February 6 - François Truffaut, French film director
- February 11 - Jerome Lowenthal, pianist/professor
- February 26 - Johnny Cash, country music singer
- April 4 - Andrei Tarkovsky, Russian movie director
- August 17 - V. S. Naipaul, writer
- Donald Rumsfeld, US Secretary of Defence (2001-present)
- Kennedy and Thorndike prove that measured time as well length are affected by motion (see Einstein's Special relativity and General relativity).