- February 11 - M C Walker, CEO of Iceland Frozen Foods.
- February 11 - Timothy Chambers pediatrician.
- May 20: Cher, American singer
- August 19 - Bill Clinton, American president (1993-2000)
- November 5 - Herman Brood, Dutch rock 'n' roll artist
- October 15 - Hermann Goering, head of the Nazi-army (suicide)
- October 16 - Artur Seiss-Inquart, Austrian national-socialist leader, governor of The Netherlands during the German occupation (1940-1945) (executed)
- Physics - Percy Williams Bridgman
- Chemistry - James Batcheller Sumner, John Howard Northrop, Wendell Meredith Stanley
- Medicine - Hermann Joseph Muller
- Literature - Hermann Hesse
- Peace - Emily Greene Balch John Raleigh Mott