- February 11 - Michael Jackson, controller of BBC2.
- February 11 - Regina Marsikova, Czechoslovakian tennis player.
- October 14 - Thomas Dolby, English rock musician
- October 16 - Tim Robbins, American actor
- February 11 - [[ Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chou En-Lai as Chinese Minister of Foreign affairs.
- February 11 - Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African-American woman hired as a flight attendant.
- Brazil wins Football World Cup in Sweden
- Physics - Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Igor Yergenyevich Tamm
- Chemistry - Frederick Sanger]]
- Medicine - George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
- Literature - Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
- Peace - George Henri Pire