- Buckminster Fuller, American architect
- Barbara McClintock receives Nobel Prize in Medicine for discovery of the first transposons in corn (zea mays) in 1940.
- Democratic reform in power in Argentina.
- Physics - Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, William Alfred Fowler
- Chemistry - Henry Taube
- Medicine - Barbara McClintock
- Literature -William Golding
- Peace - Lech Walesa
- Economics - Gerard Debreu