Beginning of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1995-2005)
- Murray Rothbard , American economist
- February 11 - Danyon Loader swims world record 400 meters freestyle.
- February 11 - Mark Foster swims world record 50 meters butterfly.
- February 11 - Sandra Volker swims European record 50 meters backstroke.
- February 11 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge.
- March 20 - Members of the Aum Shinrikyo release sarin gas in the Tokyo subway system.
- Physics - Martin L. Perl, Frederick Reines
- Chemistry - Paul J Crutzen, Mario J Molina, F Sherwood Rowland
- Medicine - Edward B Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric F Wieschaus
- Literature - Seamus Heaney
- Peace - Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
- Economics - Robert Lucas Jr