Famous 20th century soviet dissident author, responsible for popularizing the awareness of the soviet forced labor system in the non soviet world.
Was a veteran of World War II, where he saw combat. He was soon imprisoned for criticizing stalin. He spent time in a Sharashka or a white collar prison slave labor compound. He wrote about this in The First Circle. He also spent time at hard manual labor in the boonies, or the Gulag system. He wrote about this in A day in the life of Ivan Denisovitch and The Gulag Archipelago.
His ex-wife Nastasya Resehtovskaya, wrote a book about her life and their relatinship. In this book she bitterly talks of some of his less charming characteristics. She says he wanted to have sexual affairs with other women because he felt it would give him the inspiration to write another book.
Refernces: http://www.soc.pu.ru:8101/gallery/solzhenitsyn/home.htmle various books as mentioned.