American Civil Liberties Union

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The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is an American non-governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and liberties. Lawsuits brought by the ACLU have been central to several important developments in U.S. constitutional law. The ACLU provides attorneys and legal expertise in cases where Civil Rights are allegedly being violated.

Conservative groups in the U.S. often attack the ACLU for some of its policies, such as its opposition to official prayers in public schools, its support of the legality of abortion, rights for homosexuals, and its defence of the freedom of speech of persons with unpopular or controversial opinions.

Initially formed in 1920 as the Civil Liberties Bureau during the time of the Palmer Raids. Founders include Crystal Eastman and Roger Baldwin.

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