Antonio Salieri, composer(1750-1825)
Born Legnano, 18 August 1750. Died Vienna, 7 May 1825.
An Italian composer and conductor who received considerable public acclaim in his day. After displaying exceptional musical talent as a child during his training, he was invited in 1766 to attend the court of Vienna. He remained in Vienna for the remainder of his life, and in 1788 was appointed the court composer, a position he retained until 1824.
During his time in Vienna he acquired great prestige as a composer and conductor, particularly of opera, and also of chamber and sacred music. The most successful of his 43 operas were Les Danaïdes (1784) and Tarare (1787).
Salieri is best-known for the mutual antipathy he shared with Mozart; the latter creating a public scandal in 1790's Vienna by accusing Salieri of plagiarism and of attempting to murder him with poison. None of the charges were ever substantiated, although the opera by Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Mozart et Salieri (1898) and the play by Peter Shaffer, Amadeus (1979; an Oscar winning film was released in 1984) both painted Salieri as deeply jealous of, and highly treacherous towards Mozart.