South Africa: National Womens Day
- 1945 - An atomic bomb nicknamed Fat Man is detonated over the city of Nagasaki, Japan. An estimated 40,000 were killed, 60,000 injured.
- 1974 - Richard Nixon becomes the first president of the United States to resign from office, an action taken to avoid being removed by impeachment in response to his role in the Watergate scandal. His vice president, Gerald R. Ford, takes the oath of office and becomes the 38th president.
- 1993 - King Albert II of Belgium is sworn into office nine days after the death of his brother, King Baudouin.