Basque Fatherland and Liberty

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Basque Fatherland and Liberty, commonly known as ETA (from their Basque name Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna), is a terrorist group operating in Spain which was founded in 1959. They are a separatist group seeking an independent Basque homeland in the Spanish provinces of Vizcaya, Guipuzcoa, Alava, and Navarra, as well as in provinces of south-western France.

Because of its allegiance to Marxist ideas, ETA has been sponsored by communist regimes such as Cuba, as well as by Libya and Lebanon.

ETA employs bombings and assassinations, and has killed an estimated 800 people since the 1960s. It finances its operations through kidnapping, extortion, and robbery.