The Blaue Reiter group of artists was established in Munich in 1911. Wassily Kandinsky was one of the founders. Other well-known artists that were part of it were Franz Marc, August Macke, Gabriele Münter and Paul Klee. The members were interested in European medieval art and primitivism as well as the contemporary, non-figurative art scene in France.
The name of the movement comes from a painting of a blue knight that was used on the front of an almanac edited by its members.