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Bohemia (Ger. Boehmen) is a region of central Europe bounded by {fill in your favorite boundaries}. Roman authors provide the first clear reference to this area, when it was the home of the Boii, a Celtic people. As part of the territory often crossed during the major Germanic and Slavic migrations, the area has been alternately inhabited by many different peoples. By the late 9th c., the inhabitants were mostly Slavic, while the borderlands between Bohemia and Francia proper were somewhat fluid in regards to their inhabitants.

In 845 the people known to the Franks as Bohemians (these people were of Slavic origin, and had nothing to do with the Boii) came to Regensburg to pledge allegiance to the East Frankish king and to receive baptism. One of the more powerful Slavic leaders in Bohemia, Zwentibold (also known as Swatopluk), became the godfather to the son of emperor Arnulf of Carinthia, the Carolingian ruler in the East. Arnulf's son was named after Zwentibold. Arnulf of Carinthia renewed the tributary agreement that allowed Zwentibold's Slavs free reign over the territories up to the Oder river. After the carolingian kingdom fell into decline, Bohemia was for a time a part of the short-lived kingdom of Greater Moravia, then the base of the Slavic Przemyslid Dukes, who ruled in Bohemia and partially in Poland until 1306, when their line became extinct.

Conversion and alignment with Rome

Vaclav (Saint Wenceslas) builds church of St. Vitus
935 - Vaclav murdered by Boleslav
Bohemia under considerable influence from Duchy of Bavaria
Boleslav rules 935-967
964, Piast Duke Mieszko I marries a daughter of Boleslav I

Relations with the Frankish and the Ottonian empires

Elevation from Duchy to Kingdom

Bohemia in the Holy Roman Empire

Prague was one of the great cities of the Empire. Bohemia was an independent kingdom until 1526.

Modern Bohemia

After World War I, Bohemia, which had been part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was assigned to the newly-formed country of Czechoslovakia.

World War II and irredentism.

Communist era

Czech Republic