British Open

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The British Open is an annual lawntennis tournament also known as Wimbledon, or Wimbledon Championships, named after its location in Wimbledon, which is part of South-West London, England.

The first British Open was held in 1877. It was then called the Lawn Tennis Championships , hosted by the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. It had only male amateur participants. In 1884 separate women's singles and men's doubles tournaments were added. Bij the turn of the century the British Open had become an increasingly popular international tennis tournament. In 1922 a new tennis complex was built at Church Road for 14.000 spectators, which helped enlarge the popularity and fame of the Championships. May people today consider it to be the most important tournament of the year. That being true or not, Wimbledon certainly stands out for being the only Grand Slam tennistournament played on grass. The traditional character of the British Open, like the rule for the players to be clothed in white, and for the public to eat strawberries and whipcream, give it extra flavour. Wimbledon has its own, often criticized, system for seeding players.

The tournament is held in June/July and normally lasts for three weeks. Four rounds precede the quarter finals, succeeded by the semi finals and final round. The British Open holds separate tournaments simultaneously for men (singles), women (singles), men's doubles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles. There is also a Wimbledon youth tournament.

The main court is called Center Court. Court 1 bears the nickname The Graveyard.

The Champions Cup (men) and Bowl (women) have been presented for many years by the Dutchess of Kent in a never-changing ceremony. Green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours.

Wimbledon Champions since 1877:

                   Men's Singles 

2001

  • Goran Ivanicevic - Patrick Rafter
         6:3 3:6 6:3 2:6 9:7

2000

  • Pete Sampras - Patrick Rafter
         6(10):7(12) 7(7):6(5) 6:4 6:2 

1999

  • Pete Sampras - Andre Agassi
         6:3 6:4 7:5 

1998

  • Pete Sampras - Goran Ivanisevic
         6:7 7:6 6:4 3:6 6:2 

1997

  • Pete Sampras - Cédric Pioline
         6:4 6:2 6:4

1996

  • Richard Krajicek - Malivai Washington
         6:3 6:4 6:3

1995

  • Pete Sampras - Boris Becker
         6:7 6:2 6:4 6:2 

1994

  • Pete Sampras - Goran Ivanisevic
         7:6 7:6 6:0

1993

  • Pete Sampras - Jim Courier
         7:6 7:6 3:6 6:3 

1992

  • Andre Agassi - Goran Ivanisevic
         6:7 6:4 6:4 1:6 6:4 

1991

  • Michael Stich - Boris Becker
         6:4 7:6 6:4 

1990

  • Stefan Edberg - Boris Becker
         6:2 6:2 3:6 3:6 6:4 

1989

  • Boris Becker - Stefan Edberg
         6:0 7:6 6:4 

1988

  • Stefan Edberg - Boris Becker
         4:6 7:6 6:4 6:2 

1987

  • Pat Cash - Ivan Lendl
         7:6 6:2 7:5 

1986

  • Boris Becker - Ivan Lendl
         6:4 6:3 7:5 

1985

  • Boris Becker - Kevin Curren
         6:3 6:7 7:6 6:4 

1984

         6:1 6:1 6:2 

1983

         6:2 6:2 6:2 

1982

         3:6 6:3 6:7 7:6 6:4 

1981

         4:6 7:6 7:6 6:4 

1980

         1:6 7:5 6:3 6:7 8:6 

1979

  • Björn Borg - Roscoe Tanner
         6:7 6:1 3:6 6:3 6:4 

1978

  • Björn Borg - Jimmy S. Connors
         6:2 6:2 6:3 

1977

  • Björn Borg - Jimmy S. Connors
         3:6 6:2 6:1 5:7 6:4 

1976

  • Björn Borg - Ilye Nastase
         6:4 6:2 9:7 

1975

  • Arthur R. Ashe - Jimmy .S. Connors
         6:1 6:1 5:7 6:4 

1974

  • Jimmy S. Connors - Ken R. Rosewall
         6:1 6:1 6:4 

1973

  • Jan Kodes - A. Metreveli
         6:1 9:8 6:3 

1972

  • Stan R. Smith - Ilye Nastase
         4:6 6:3 6:3 4:6 7:5 

1971

  • John D. Newcombe - Stan R. Smith
         6:3 5:7 2:6 6:4 6:4 

1970

  • John D. Newcombe - Ken R. Rosewall
         5:7 6:3 6:3 3:6 6:1 

1969

  • Rod G. Laver - John D. Newcombe
         6:4 5:7 6:4 6:4 

1968

  • Rod G. Laver - A.D. Roche
         6:3 6:4 6:2 

1967

  • John D. Newcombe - W.P. Bungert
         6:3 6:1 6:1 

1966

  • M.M. Santana - R.D. Ralston
         6:4 11:9 6:4 

1965 R.S. Emerson - Fred Stolle

         6:2 6:4 6:4 

1964

  • R.S. Emerson - Fred S. Stolle
         6:4 12:10 4:6 6:3 

1963

         9:7 6:1 6:4 

1962

  • Rod G. Laver - M.F. Mulligan
         6:2 6:2 6:1 

1961

         6:3 6:1 6:4                  

1960

  • N.A. Fraser - Rod G. Laver
         6:4 3:6 9:7 7:5 

1959

  • A.R. Olmedo - Rod G. Laver
         6:4 6:3 6:4 

1958

  • A.J. Cooper - N.A. Fraser
         3:6 6:3 6:4 13:11 

1957

  • L.A. Hoad - A.J. Cooper
         6:2 6:1 6:2 

1956

  • L.A. Hoad - Ken R. Rosewall
         6:2 4:6 7:5 6:4 

1955

  • M.A. Trabert - K. Nielsen
         6:3 7:5 6:1 

1954

  • J. Drobny - Ken R. Rosewall
         13:11 4:6 6:2 9:7 

1953

  • E.V. Seixas - K. Nielsen
         9:7 6:3 6:4 

1952

  • F.A. Sedgman - J. Drobny
         4:6 6:2 6:3 6:2 

1951

         6:4 6:4 6:4 

1950

  • J.E. Patty - F.A. Sedgman
         6:1 8:10 6:2 6:3 

1949

  • F.R. Schroeder - J. Drobny
         3:6 6:0 6:3 4:6 6:4 

1948

  • R. Falkenburg - J.E. Bromwich
         7:5 0:6 6:2 3:6 7:5

1947

  • J. Kramer T. - Brown
         6:1 6:3 6:2 

1946

  • Y.F.M. Petra - G.E. Brown
         6:2 6:4 7:9 5:7 6:4 

1939

  • R.L. Riggs bt. E.T. Cooke

1938

  • J.D. Budge bt. H.W. Austin

1937

  • J.D. Budge bt. G. von Cramm

1936

  • Fred J. Perry bt. G. von Cramm

1935

  • Fred J. Perry bt. G. von Cramm

1934

  • Fred J. Perry bt. J.H. Crawford

1933

  • J.H. Crawford bt. H.E. Vines

1932

  • H.E.Vines bt. H.W. Austin

1931

  • S.B. Wood bt. F.X. Shields

1930

  • William T. Tilden bt. W. Allison

1929

  • H. Cochet bt. J. Borotra

1928

  • R. Lacoste bt. H. Cochet

1927

  • H. Cochet bt. J. Borotra

1926

  • J. Borotra bt. H. Kinsey

1925

  • R. Lacoste bt. J. Borotra

1924

  • J. Borotra bt.R. Lacoste

1923

  • W. M. Johnston bt. F.T. Hunter

1922

  • G.L. Patterson bt. R. Lycett

1921

  • William T. Tilden bt. B.I.C. Norton

1920

  • William T. Tilden bt. G.L. Patterson

1919

  • G.L. Patterson bt. N.E. Brookes


1914

  • N.E. Brookes bt. A.F. Wilding

1913

1912

  • A.F. Wilding bt. A.W. Gore

1911

  • A.F. Wilding bt. H. Roper Barrett

1910

  • A.F. Wilding bt. A.W. Gore

1909

  • A.W. Gore bt. M.J.G. Ritchie

1908

  • A.W. Gore bt. H. Roper Barrett

1907

  • N.E. Brookes bt. A.W. Gore

1906

  • H.L. Doherty bt. F.L. Riseley

1905

  • H.L. Doherty bt. N.E. Brookes

1904

  • H.L. Doherty bt. F.L. Riseley

1903

  • H.L. Doherty bt. F.L. Riseley

1902

  • H.L. Doherty bt. A.W. Gore

1901

  • A.W. Gore bt. R.F. Doherty

1900

  • R.F. Doherty bt. S.H. Smith

1899

  • R.F. Doherty bt. A.W. Gore

1898

  • R.F. Doherty bt. H.L. Doherty

1897

  • R.F. Doherty bt. H.S. Mahoney

1896

  • H.S. Mahoney bt. W. Baddeley

1895

  • W. Baddeley bt. W.V. Eaves

1894

  • J. Pim bt. W. Baddeley

1893

  • J. Pim bt. W. Baddeley

1892

  • W. Baddeley bt. J. Pim

1891

  • W. Baddeley bt. J. Pim

1890

  • W.J. Hamilton bt. W. Renshaw

1889

  • W. Renshaw bt. E. Renshaw

1888

  • E. Renshaw bt. H.F. Lawford

1887

  • H.F. Lawford bt. E. Renshaw

1886

  • W. Renshaw bt. H.F. Lawford

1885

  • W. Renshaw bt. H.F. Lawford

1884

  • W. Renshaw bt. H.F. Lawford

1883

  • W. Renshaw bt. E. Renshaw

1882

  • W. Renshaw bt. E. Renshaw

1881

  • W. Renshaw bt. J.T. Hartley

1880

  • J.T. Hartley bt. H.F. Lawford

1879

  • J.T. Hartley bt. V. St. L. Goold

1878

  • P.F. Hadow bt. S.W. Gore

1877

  • S.W. Gore bt. W.C. Marshall


                Ladies's Singles 

2001

  • Venus Williams - Serena Williams

2000

  • Venus Williams - Lindsay Davenport
           6:3 7(7):6(3) 

1999

  • Lindsay Davenport - Steffi Graf
           6:4 7:5 

1998

  • Jana Novotna - Nathalie Tauziat
           6:4 7:6 

1997

  • Martina Hingis - Jana Novotna
           2:6 6:3 6:3      

1996

  • Steffi Graf - Aranxta Sanchez Vicario
           6:3 7:5 

1995

  • Steffi Graf - Aranxta Sanchez Vicario
           4:6 6:1 7:5 

1994

  • Conchita Martinez - Martina Navratilova
           6:4 3:6 6:3 

1993

  • Steffi Graf - Jana Novotna
           7:6 1:6 6:4 

1992

  • Steffi Graf - Monica Seles
           6:2 6:1 

1991

  • Steffi Graf - Gabriela Sabatini
           6:4 3:6 8:6 

1990

  • Martina Navratilova - Zina Garrison
           6:4 6:1 

1989

  • Steffi Graf - Martina Navratilova
           6:2 6:7 6:1 

1988

  • Steffi Graf - Martina Navratilova
           5:7 6:2 6:1  

1987

  • Martina Navratilova - Steffi Graf
           7:5 6:3 

1986

  • Martina Navratilova - Hana Mandlikova
           7:6 6:3 

1985

  • Martina Navratilova - Chris (Evert) Lloyd
           4:6 6:3 6:2 

1984

  • Martina Navratilova - Chris (Evert) Lloyd
           7:6 6:2 

1983

  • Martina Navratilova - Andrea Jaeger
           6:0 6:3 

1982

  • Martina Navratilova- Chris (Evert) Lloyd
           6:1 3:6 6:2 

1981

  • Chris (Evert) Lloyd - Hana Mandlikova
           6:2 6:2 

1980

  • R.A. Cawley - Chris (Evert) Lloyd
           6:1 7:6 

1979

  • Martina Navratilova - Chris (Evert) Lloyd
           6:4 6:4 

1978

  • Martina Navratilova - Chris Evert
           2:6 6:4 7:5

1977

  • Virginia Wade - Betty Stöve
           4:6 6:3 6:1 

1976

  • Chris Evert - R.A. Cawley
           6:3 4:6 8:6 

1975

  • Billy Jean King - R.A. Cawley
           6:0 6:1 

1974

  • Chris Evert - O. Morozova
           6:0 6:4 

1973

  • Billy Jean King - Chris Evert
           6:0 7:5 

1972

  • Billy Jean King - Evonne Goolagong
           6:3 6:3 

1971

  • Evonne Goolagong - Margaret Court
           6:4 6:1 

1970

  • Margaret Court - Billy Jean King
           14:12 11:9 

1969

  • P.F. Jones - Billy Jean King
           3:6 6:3 6:2 

1968

  • Billy Jean King - J.A.M. Tegart
           9:7 7:5

1967

  • Billy Jean King - P.F. Jones
           6:3 6:4 

1966

  • Billy Jean King - Maria Bueno
           6:3 3:6 6:1 

1965

  • M. Smith - Maria Bueno
           6:4 7:5 

1964

  • Maria Bueno - M. Smith
           6:4 7:9 6:3 

1963

  • M. Smith - B.J. Moffitt
           6:3 6:4 

1962

  • J.R. Susman - V. Sukova
           6:4 6:4 

1961

  • A.M. Mortimer - C.C. Truman
           4:6 6:4 7:5 

1960

  • Maria Bueno - S. Reynolds
           8:6 6:0 

1959

  • Maria Bueno - D.R. Hard
           6:4 6:3 

1958

  • A. Gibson - A.M. Mortimer
           8:6 6:2 

1957

  • A. Gibson - D.R. Hard
           6:3 6:2 

1956

  • S. Fry - A. Buxton
           6:3 6:1 

1955

  • A.L. Brough - J.G. Fleitz
           7:5 8:6 

1954

  • M. Connolly - A.L. Brough
           6:2 7:5 

1953

  • M. Connolly - D.J. Hart
           8:6 7:5

1952

  • M. Connolly - A.L. Brough
           7:5 6:3 

1951

  • D.J. Hart - S. Fry
           6:1 6:0 

1950

  • A.L. Brough - W. du Pont
           6:1 3:6 6:1 

1949

  • A.L. Brough - W. du Pont
           10:8 1:6 10:8 

1948

  • A.L. Brough - D.J. Hart
           6:3 8:6 

1947

  • M.E. Osborne - D.J. Hart
           6:2 6:4 

1946

  • P.M. Betz - A.L. Brough
           6:2 6:4 

1939

  • A. Marble bt. K.E. Stammers

1938

  • S.F. Moody bt. H.H. Jacobs

1937

  • D.E. Round bt. J. Jedrzejowska

1936

  • H.H. Jacobs bt. S. Sperling

1935

  • F.S. Moody bt. H.H. Jacobs

1934

  • D.E. Round bt. H.H. Jacobs

1933

  • F.S. Moody bt. D.E. Round

1932

  • F.S. Moody bt. H.H. Jacobs

1931

  • C. Aussem bt. H. Krahwinkel

1930

  • F.S. Moody bt. E. Ryan

1929

  • Helen Wills bt. H.H. Jacobs

1928

  • Helen Wills bt. L. de Alvarez

1927

  • Helen Wills bt. L. de Alvarez

1926

  • L.A. Godfree bt. L. de Alvarez

1925

  • Susan Lenglen bt. J. Fry

1924

1923

1922

  • Susan Lenglen bt. Frances Mallory

1921

  • Susan Lenglen bt. E. Ryan

1920

  • Susan Lenglen bt Mrs. Lambert Chambers

1919

  • Susan Lenglen bt. Mrs. Lambert Chambers


1914

  • Mrs. Lambert Chambers bt Mrs. D.R. Larcombe


1913

  • Mrs. Lambert Chambers bt. Mrs. R.J. McNair

1912

  • Mrs. D.R. Larcombe bt. Mrs. A. Sterry

1911

  • Mrs. Lambert Chambers bt. D.P. Boothby

1910

  • Mrs. Lambert Chambers bt. D.P. Boothby

1909

  • D.P. Boothby bt. A.M. Morton

1908

  • Mrs. A. Sterry bt. A.M. Morton

1907

  • M. Sutton bt. Mrs. Lambert Chambers

1906

  • D.K. Douglass bt. M. Sutton

1905

  • M. Sutton bt. D.K. Douglass

1904

  • D.K. Douglass bt. Mrs. A. Sterry

1903

  • D.K. Douglass bt. E.W. Thomson

1902

  • M.E. Robb bt. Mrs. A. Sterry

1901

  • Mrs. A. Sterry bt. Mrs. G.W. Hillyard

1900

  • Mrs. G.W. Hillyard bt. C. Cooper

1899

  • Mrs. G.W. Hillyard bt. C. Cooper

1898

  • C. Cooper bt. L. Martin

1897

  • Mrs. G.W. Hillyard bt. C. Cooper

1896

  • C. Cooper bt. Mrs. W.H. Pickering

1895

  • C. Cooper bt. H. Jackson

1894

  • Mrs. G.W. Hillyard bt. E.L. Austin

1893

  • L. Dod bt. Mrs. G.W. Hillyard

1892

  • L. Dod bt. Mrs. G.W. Hillyard

1891

  • L. Dod bt. Mrs. G.W. Hillyard

1890

  • L. Rice bt. M. Jacks

1889

  • Mrs. G.W. Hillyard bt. L. Rice

1888

  • L. Dod bt. Mrs. G.W. Hillyard

1887

  • L. Dod Mrs. bt. B. Bingley

1886

  • B. Bingley bt. M. Watson

1885

  • M. Watson bt. B. Bingley

1884

  • M. Watson bt. L. Watson