Bulgaria is a small country in the south east of Europe. It borders the Black Sea (East), Greece and Turkey (South), Yugoslavia and Macedonia (West), and Romania (North). Sofia is the capital and largest city.
Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, and Bulgaria began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. Today, reforms and democratization keep Bulgaria on a path toward eventual integration into the EU and NATO.