The Republic of Cape Verde is a republic located on an archipelago of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading center for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups. Independence was achieved in 1975. The capital is Praia.
From the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the U.S. Department of State site.