Chicago White Sox

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A Major League Baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois USA.

Founded: 1899, Western League, which became the American League in 1900 and attained major-league status in 1901.
Formerly known as: Chicago White Stockings
Home ballpark: Comiskey Park, Chicago.
Uniform colors: black, white and gray
Logo design: the letters "SOX", interlocked in various ways
American League pennants won: 1901, 1906, 1917, 1919 and 1959
World Series championships won: 1906, 1917

Franchise history

The team was founded by Charles Comiskey, a former major-league ballplayer who starred with the St. Louis Browns in the 1880s. Comiskey originally founded the team in the city of St. Paul, Minnesota, as part of a minor league called the Western League. When the Western League changed its name to the American League and claimed major league status, the St. Paul franchise was relocated to Chicago, to compete directly with the National League club in that city.

The club adopted the name "White Stockings", the original name of the Chicago Cubs, and acquired a number of stars from the National League, including pitcher and manager Clark Griffith, who paced the White Sox to the AL's first pennant in 1901. The White Sox would continue to be built on pitching and defense in the following years, led by pitching workhorse Ed Walsh, who routinely pitched over 400 innings each season in his prime.

The Hitless Wonders: Walsh, Doc White and Nick Altrock paced the White Sox to their 1906 pennant and their first World Series victory, a stunning upset over the Cubs who had won a record 116 regular-season games. The Sox, dubbed the "Hitless Wonders" for having the lowest team batting average in the American League that year, nevertheless took the Series, and intercity bragging rights, in six games.

"Say it Ain't So, Joe! The White Sox contended over the next decade, but did not bring home a pennant until 1917. Led by second baseman Eddie Collins and outfielder Shoeless Joe Jackson, the White Sox now had offense to go with the pitching of Eddie Cicotte and Red Faber. After an off-year in 1918, the club bounced back to win the pennant in 1919 and entered the World Series that year heavily-favored to defeat the Cincinnati Reds. Sadly, this was the year of the infamous Black Sox scandal, in which eight White Sox players, including Cicotte and Jackson, were barred from organized baseball for life for taking part in a plot by gamblers to "fix" the World Series.

The Go-Go Sox: It would be forty years until the White Sox found themselves in a World Series again, but again it would be a team built on pitching and defense. In an era noted for power pitching and power-hitting, the 1959 White Sox would lead the league in stolen bases and would manufacture runs through speed and cunning. American League MVP Nellie Fox led the attack. The White Sox would, however, lose the World Series to the Los Angeles Dodgers.

"Good guys wear black": The White Sox of the 1990s adopted black uniforms, instantly jumping to the top of the league in merchandise sales. The 1990s teams also contended well, led by pitchers Jack McDowell and first baseman Frank Thomas. The team reached the American League Championship Series in 1993 and the Baseball/American League Divisional Series in 2000. Under manager Jerry Manuel, the White Sox these days field a young, talented club that is maturing.

Players of note

Baseball Hall of Famers: Luis Aparicio, Luke Appling, Eddie Collins, George Davis, Red Faber, Carlton Fisk, Nellie Fox, Ted Lyons, Ray Schalk, Ed Walsh, Early Wynn
Current stars: Mark Buehrle, Magglio Ordonez, Frank Thomas
Not to be forgotten: Dick Allen (AL MVP 1972), Ozzie Guillen, Sherm Lollar, Jack McDowell (AL Cy Young Award, 1993), Minnie Minoso, Billy Pierce
Retired numbers: #2 Nellie Fox, #3 (Harold Baines), #4 Luke Appling, #9 Minnie Minoso, #11 Luis Aparicio, #16 Ted Lyons, #19 Billy Pierce, #42 Jackie Robinson, #72 Carlton Fisk