Chloramphenicol

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An antibiotic that was derived from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae and is now produced synthetically. Chloramphenicol is effective against a wide variety of microorganisms, but due to serious side-effects (e.g., damage to the bone marrow), it is usually reserved for the treatment of serious and life-threatening infections (e.g., typhoid fever). It is also used in eye drops or ointment to treat bacterial conjunctivitis.

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C11H12Cl2N2O5 Chloramphenicol MW=323.13

(2,2-Dichlor-N-[(aR,bR)-b-hydroxy-a-hydroxymethyl-4-nitrophenethyl]acetamid)
Image in the PD.