Christchurch is the largest city in New Zealand's South Island, and is located halfway up the east coast, in the region of Canterbury between the Canterbury Peninsula and the Canterbury Plains. For other places of the same name see Christchurch.
The city is named after Christ Church College at Oxford University. The city's Maori name is Otautahi, from the Maori chief Tautahi who had a settlement on the banks of the Avon river. Christchurch is also known as 'The Garden City' because of the number of public parks and gardens throughout the city.
Christchurch has a temperate climate, with temperatures in January ranging from an average minimum of 12°C to an average maximum of 21°C, and from 1°C to 10°C in July. A notable feature of the weather is the nor'wester, a hot foehn wind that is associated with increases in suicide and domestic violence, and occasionally reaches gale force and causes widespread damage to property.
Other information to be included:
- The first four ships settling Canterbury, The Randolph, The Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, Cressy
- The Wizard, a Christchurch institution spruiking in Cathedral Square.
Christchurch has six sister cities around the world. They are:
- Adelaide, Australia
- Christchurch, England
- Gansu province, China
- Kurashiki, Japan
- Seattle, United States of America
- Songpa-Gu, Seoul, South Korea