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Christology is that part of Christian theology that studies and defines who Jesus Christ is. It is generally less concerned with the minor details of his life; rather it deals with who he was, and the major events of his life (his birth, death, and ressurection).

Important issues in Christology include:

  • was Jesus human, divine, or both
  • whether he actually performed miracles
  • whether he rose from the dead, and if so, whether his resurrection was of the body or strictly of the soul

Christology may also cover questions concerning the Trinity, and what if anything Christ accomplished for the rest of humanity.

There are almost as many christological views as there are variants of Christianity. Some important controversies have included the controversy with Arians over his divinity and relationship with the Father, which lead to the adoption of the Nicene creed; and the controversies over Nestorianism, Monophysitism (and its derivates Monothelitism and Monoenergism), which lead to the adoption of the traditional (in both the East and West) Chalcedonian view of Christology. Other controversies included that with Docetists and the Adoptionists.