Colonization of Africa

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Africa was subject to imperialism like and other non-Western lands were. The "new imperialsim" (1880 - 1900), as it was called, took place in Africa but also Asia.

During the period before World War I, European nations were scrambling to gain more power and more money through the use of colonies. Most of these were in Africa and Asia, but a few colonies were in South American and the Pacific. Here is a list of the partition of Africa from the years 1885 to 1914; it shows the colonies as they were known then and who rules them:

British

Egypt
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
British East Africa
British Somaliland
Rhodesia
Bechuanaland
Orange Free State
Union of South Africa
Gambia
Sierra Leone
Nigeria
Gold Coast


French

Algeria
Morocco
French West Africa
French Equitorial Africa
Gabon
French Somaliland
Madagascar


German

Cameroon
German East Africa
German Southwest Africa
Togo


Portuguese

Angola
Mozambique
Cabinda
Portuguese Guinea


Italian

Libya
Eritrea
Italian Somaliland


Belgian

Belgian Congo


Spanish

Spanish Morocco
Rio De Oro
Rio Muni


Independent Nations
Liberia
Abyssinia (Ethiopia}