Computer networks may be categorized with respect to range:
- personal area network (PAN)
- local area network (LAN)
- metropolitan area network (MAN)
- wide area network (WAN)
Computer network applications may be categorized with respect to the functional relationships between components:
Computer networks may be categorized with respect to connective topologies:
Computer networks may be implemented using a variety of protocol stack architectures, or combinations of media and protocol layers, incorporating one or more of:
- Token Ring
- IEEE 1394, aka Firewire, iLink
For standards see IEEE 802.
- communication theory
- data transmission
An often cited reference is Andy Tannenbaum, "Computer Networks" (ISBN: 0133499456).