Continuity

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1. In mathematics, continuity is the property of being continuous (qv).


2. Continuity, in film, refers to the concept that the positions of objects onscreen as well as their colors and sizes, etc. must remain consistent; continuity errors break the illusion of watching actual events. Care towards continuity must be taken because films are rarely, if ever, filmed in the order they are presented in: that is, a crew may film a scene from the end of a movie first, followed by one from the middle; the shooting schedule is sometimes dictated by weather, permitting issues, or other circumstances besides preference. Frequently film shoots will have a person dedicated exclusively to minding continuity.

One example of broken continuity occurs in the recent film Waking Ned Devine, when two of the characters are walking through a storm to Ned's house: the umbrella they are under is black during their conversation on the walk to the house (filmed from slightly above and to the front); yet after cutting to a lower shot from behind of Jackie approaching the house, Michael walks onscreen from the right holding an umbrella that is not black but beige, with a brown band at the rim.