Daniel Defoe

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Daniel Defoe (1660-1731) was an English pamphleteer, journalist and novelist, at a time when the novel form was in its infancy in the English language, and can thus fairly be said to be one of its progenitors. Defoe's pamphleting and political activities resulted in his arrest and imprisonment in 1703, but he was released early in return for his cooperation.

He is most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe, about a man's shipwreck on a desert island and his subsequent adventures. The story is based on the true story of the shipwreck of Alexander Selkirk.

He wrote an account of the plague of 1666, A Journal of the Plague Year.