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Demeter (DEH-MEH-ter) was the Greek goddess of agriculture, health, birth and marriage. She was associated with the Roman goddess Ceres; also, she was the daughter of Cronos and Rhea, and therefore the sister of Zeus.

Demeter had several children; these included Persephone, the consort of Hades, and Plutus, the god of wealth. It was during her trip to retrieve Persephone from the underworld that she revealed the Eleusinian Mysteries.

Demeter was usually portrayed on a chariot, and frequently associated with images of the harvest, including flowers, fruit, and grain. She was also sometimes pictured with Persephone.