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In nutrition, the sum of the food consumed by a body is its diet. Proper nutrition for a human requires vitamins, minerals, protein, and fuel in the form of carbohydrates and fats. Imbalances between the consumed fuels and expended energy results in either starvation or excessive reserves of adipose tissue, or body fat.

Changing the dietary intake or going on a diet can change the energy balance and increase or decrease the body fat of a body.

See dieting.

In politics, a Diet is a formal deliberative assembly, or a possible name for a legislature (for example, that of Japan).

See Diet of Nuremberg and Diet of Worms.