The State of Eritrea (Hagere Ertra) is a nation of northeastern Africa. Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 remains unresolved.
The capital is Asmara.
From the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the U.S. Department of State website. Not Wikified.