Ferdinand de Saussure

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Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (1857 - 1913) born in Geneva.

He laid the foundation for many developments in Linguistics in the 20th century. He perceived linguistics as a branch of a general science of signs he proposed to call semiology.

A sign is the basic unit of langue. Every langue is a complete system of signs. Parole (speech) is an external manifestation of langue.

His work Cours de linguistique générale was published posthumously 1916 .

See Structuralism.