Francis Harry Compton Crick, born June 8, 1916, in Northampton, England. He studied physics at University College, London, and beacme a B.Sc. in 1937. After World War II, during which he worked on magnetic and acoustic mines, he began studying biology. In 1951, he started working with James Watson at Cavendish Laboratory. Building on the X-ray research of Rosalind Franklin, they together developed the proposal of the helical structure of DNA, which they published in 1953, and for which both were awarded the Nobel Prize/Physiology or medicine 1962.
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