Francisco I. Madero

HomePage | Recent changes | View source | Discuss this page | Page history | Log in |

Printable version | Disclaimers | Privacy policy

Francisco I. Madero (1873-1913) I is Ignacio or Indalecio.

Revolutionary and Mexican politician.

Born at Parras, Coahuila, on October 30, 1873 the son of Francisco Madero and Mercedes González Treviño. One of the richest families in Mexico, of Portuguese descent. Educated in Baltimore, Versailles and at the University of California.

Affected by the plight of the poor under the Porfiriato, in 1904 Madero became involved in politics with the Benito Juarez Democratic Club.

He ran for president of Mexico against Porfirio Diaz in 1910, as candidate for the Anti-reelectionist movement. He was arrested in June and then released conditionally in July. Díaz was declared President in October 1910. , Madero declared the result as null, and assumed provisional presidency, and designated November 20 for the start of the Revolution. The government discovered the action being prepared and Madero fled to San Antonio. But the Revolution had spread in the north, where Francisco Villa occupied Chihuahua and Ciudad Juarez. The Revolution lasted until May 17, when Madero signed the Treaty of Ciudad Juarez, in which he demanded the resignation of Díaz as condition for an armistice. Díaz resigned on May 25, 1911.

Madero appointed Francisco Leon de la Barra as Interim President. De la Barra was strongly conservative and acted to neutralise the more radical ideas of the Revolution. Madero was called a traitor and Emiliano Zapata abandoned Madero. When Madero won the elections in November 1911, the division among the revolutionaries was enormous. Both the Zapatistas and the conservatives became disenchanted with Madero's handling of the agrarian problems.

In 1913 Victoriano Huerta, the Chief of the Armed Forces conspired with Díaz. In a coup d'etat on February 21, 1913, Madero was forced to resign and then executed.