Friedrich Nietzsche

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Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a famous and influential German philosopher.

Nietzsche is famous as a precursor of existentialism; his rejection of what he calls "slave morality" or altruism; his vigorous attacks on Christianity; his origination of the Übermensch concept (translated as "Overman" or "Superman"); his embrace of a sort of irrationalism; and something he called "the Will to Power", possibly best regarded as an early attempt at psychology.

Works:

  • Die Geburt der Tragödie, 1872 (The Birth of Tragedy)
  • Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen, 1876 (Untimely Meditations)
  • Menschliches, Allzumenschliches, 1878 (Human, All Too Human)
  • Morgenröte, 1881 (Daybreak, or The Dawn)
  • Die fröhliche Wissenschaft, 1882 (The Joyful Science)
  • Also sprach Zarathustra, 1885 (Thus Spake Zarathustra)
  • Jenseits von Gut und Böse, 1886 (Beyond Good and Evil)
  • Zur Genealogie der Moral, 1887 (On the Genealogy of Morals)
  • Der Fall Wagner, 1888 (The Case of Wagner)
  • Götzen-Dämmerung, 1889 (The Twilight of the Idols)
  • Der Antichrist, 1895 (The Antichrist)
  • Nietzsche contra Wagner, 1895 (Nietzsche vs. Wagner)
  • Der Wille zur Macht, 1901 (The Will to Power, a highly selective collection of notes from various notebooks, not intended for publication by Neiztsche himself, but released by his sister)
  • Ecce Homo, 1908 (Behold the Man, an attempt at autobiography; the title refers to Pontius Pilate's statement upon meeting Jesus of Nazareth)

The character of Superman has sometimes been said to be a popularization of Nietszche's concept of the Übermensch.