Gallipoli

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Peninsula in southern Turkey. With the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles straits to the east.

Scene of a bloody Allied campaign during WW I, an attempt to push through the Dardanelles straits and capture Constantinople. The campaign ended in stalemate with the Allies evacuated after fighting from April 25 to December 19, 1915. There were around 180,000 Allied casualties and 220,000 Turkish casualties. While ultimately unsuccessful the campaign did become something of a founding myth for both Australia and New Zealand, and ANZAC day is still commemorated as a holiday in both countries.

The attack also gave an imporatnat boost to the career of Mustafa Kemal, an little known army comander who exceeded his authority and contravened orders to halt the ANZAC advance and eventually drive them back. Kemal eventually changed his name to Kemal Ataturk and became the founder of the modern Turkish state after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.