German Empire

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Deutsches Reich, or "German Empire," was the official name for Germany from 1871 to 1919. The population living within the borders of the Deutsches Reich were citizens of the Deutsches Reich or Reichs-Deutsche.

Germans living outside the borders of the Deutsches Reich were commonly referred to in Germany as Volks-Deutsche, or ethnic Germans, despite their possible citizenship in other sovereign states or personal feelings of connection to Germany or lack of personal feelings of connection to Germany. For intance, the German-speaking citizens of the Austro-Hungarian Empire were citizens of a much older polity than the German Empire.

This is sometimes called the Second Reich, with the Holy Roman Empire being the first and Nazi Germany being the third.

see also

History of Germany
Third Reich


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