God Save the Queen

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Patriotic song, National anthem of the United Kingdom; Royal Anthem of Australia, having been replaced as national anthem by Advance Australia Fair; and national anthem of New Zealand together with God Defend New Zealand. When the monarch is male, the alternate version "God Save the King" is sung.

Its author is unknown, but the first known performance of the song came in 1745 in support of George II after a defeat by the Jacobite claimant to the British throne, Charles Edward Stuart, who had widespread Scottish support. This support caused the later attachment of a fourth verse. This verse has an anti-Scottish sentiment, and is rarely (if ever) sung nowadays.

Frequently, when an anthem is needed for one of the component countries of the UK -- at an international sporting event, for instance -- an alternate song is used: for Wales this tends to be Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau; Scotland uses either Flower of Scotland or Scotland the Brave; England often uses Jerusalem.

God Save the Queen was the very first national anthem, and its tune was adopted for several other countries' national anthems, including that of Liechtenstein, as well as the popular United States song My Country, Tis of Thee.

God Save the Queen

God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen:
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save the Queen.

O Lord, our God, arise,
Scatter thine enemies,
And make them fall:
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On thee our hopes we fix:
God save us all.

Thy choicest gifts in store,
On her be pleased to pour;
Long may she reign:
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice
God save the Queen.

God grant that Marshall Wade,
May by thy mighty aid,
victory bring,
May he sedition hush,
and like a torrent rush,
Rebellious Scots to crush
God save the Queen.

In 1977 during Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee the Sex Pistols released a punk rock song with the same title. Attempting to play the song from a boat on the river Thames outside Buckingham Palace on the Jubilee holiday itself (a day which was billed as a national party), the band was arrested by the British police.