History is often used as a generic term for information about the past, e.g., as in "geologic history of the Earth". When used as a field of study, history refers to "human history", which is recorded past of human societies. The term "history" comes from the Greek historia, "an account of one's inquiries," and shares that etymology with the English word story. Historians use many types of sources, including written or printed records, interviews (oral history), and archaeology. Different approaches may be more common in some periods than others, and the study of history has its fads and fashions (see historiography, the history of history). The events that occured prior to human records are known as prehistory. There is a very large amount of historical information available and more than one way to classify it for easy navigation.
An outline guideline for contributions to Wikipedia in the field of history can be found at Wikipedia History standards.
A caveat about some sources of historical information can be found at Dubious historical resources.
History according to time periods: what happened during particular time periods at any place.
History of races, nations, cultures, movements, etc., as they developed in time and location.
- History of present-day nations and states
- History of extinct nations and states
- Military History
- Diaspora Studies
- History of individuals (biography)
- History of mathematics
- History of philosophy
- History of Science and Technology
- History of medicine
- History of Economics
What are our priorities for writing in this area? To help develop a list of the most basic topics in History, please see History basic topics.
How are we working together to find formatting practices we can all support? See Wikipedia History standards