History of the Petroleum Industry

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/Early uses of petroleum

Capt. Anthony F. Lucas, an experienced mining engineer drilled the first major oil well at Spindletop and on the morning of Jan. 10, 1901, the little hill south of Beaumont began to tremble and mud bubbled up over the rotary table.

A low rumbling sound came from underground, and then, with a force that shot six tons of four-inch pipe out over the top of the derrick, knocking off the crown block, the Lucas Gusher roared in and Spindletop, history's most famous oil field, was born.

It is estimated that this initial discovery was over 100,000 barrels of oil per day. That one well was producing more oil than all the other wells in the United States combined.

Seven Sisters