Howard Carter archaeologist, (1874-1939)
An archaeologist most famous as the discover of King Tutankhamun's tomb.
Born in 1874, Carter did much work in Egypt, starting in 1891 at the age of 17. There he worked on the excavation of Basi Hassan, the gravesite of the princes of Middle Egypt, c. 2000 BC. Later he was to come under the tutelage of Flinders Petrie.
In 1899 he was offered a position working for the Egyptian Antiquities service from which he resigned as a result of a dispute in 1905.
After several hard years, Carter was introduced to Lord Caernarvon, with whom he as able to partner. Soon, Carter was supervising all Lord Caernarvon's excavations.
Lord Caernarvon financed Carter's search for the tomb on a previously unknown Pharoah, Tutankhamun, whose existence Carter had discovered. In 1922 Carter found Tutankhamun's tomb, the only unplundered tomb of a Pharoah yet found.
After cataloguing the extensive find, Carter retired from archaeology and became a collector. Carter died in England in 1939 at the age of 65.