Hungarian language

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Magyar Nyelv

A few facts about (modern) Hungarian.

Hungarian /Vocabulary contains many words derived from Turkish language, German language, SlavicLanguages but is quite original and colorful.

Hungarian has many different /Cases (esetek), most common are NominativeCase, AccusativeCase, DativeCase, InstrumentalCase, FinalCase, SupressiveCase, InessiveCase, ElativeCase, TerminativeCase, DelativeCase. There is also a FormalCase and a few other ones. I usually start learning a language by learning how to count and the days of the week. Here are /Numbers (számok).

The order of words in a sentence is not fixed, and can be used for stressing and denoting. Words can be combined (as in German) and derived (with suffixes and affixes).

The PassiveVoice is almost extinct (one can find it in old literary texts).

Many grammatical and syntaxical functions, elements or constructions are based on suffixes. The mark for Plural is a suffixed -k, eventually preceded by a Vowel when the Word ends by a Consonant

The Infinitive of Verbs is the Radical suffixed by -ni

As an appetizer for a more complete vocabulary (szókincs), an extract for the verb "to be" in hungarian, lenni.

Forms are presented in this order:

I, Thou, He/She/It, We, You, They

én, te, õ, mi, ti, õk

PresentTense: vagyok, vagy, van, vagyunk, vagytok, vannak

PastTense: voltam, voltál, volt, voltunk, voltatok, voltak

FutureTense: leszek, leszel, lesz, leszünk, lesztek, lesznek

PresentTense: lennék, lennél, lenne, lennénk, lennétek, lennének

ImperativeTense: legyek, légy, legyen, legyünk, legyetek, legyenek

When you say the mark for the plural is "k," are you referring to verbs (as it seems) or nouns too? --RoseParks

Only for the nouns, although in many cases, conjugation of verbs looks similar.

Example: kérdés -- "question", kérdések -- "questions"; but három kérdés -- "three questions."