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The primary religions of India are Hinduism and Islam.

Hinduism is a collection of various belief systems, generally related by a few unifying works of religious literature. Possibly the oldest of these are the four Vedas. More recent Hindu thought has been shaped by the Mahabharata, of which the Bhagavad Gita is a part, and the Upanishads.

While Buddhism originated in northern India, it is no longer strongly represented there, except for the Tibetans displaced by the Chinese conquest of Tibet.