The Inuit (also known as Eskimo) are one of the native people of the far north of North America. The largest portion of Inuit people live in Greenland. Other large portions live in Alaska and Canada (especially in the territory of Nunavut), and a very small number live on the northeastern tip of Siberia.
In Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit people, "Inuit" means "the people". The name "Eskimo" is derived from the language of the Cree and means "eaters of raw meat". However, many Inuit consider this name to be derogatory; among many, it is falling out of use in favor of "Inuit". In Alaska, according to this page, the Inuit continue to be called "Eskimo" more commonly particularly in order to distinguish them from two other aboriginal groups of Alaska: the Aleuts and various American Indian (e.g., Athabascan, Tlingit, Haida) people. In the language of the Inuit itself, "Inuit" refers to three or more people, while one person is called an "Inuk", and "Inuuk" (the dual) is the word for two people.
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