Jacques Lacan (1901-1981), French psychoanalyst. Reiterated Sigmund Freud's findings. In opposition to the dominating anglo-american ego-psychologists of his time the focus of his work was the powerlessness of the ego in relation to the unconscious. After having obtained a medical degree he settled in Paris, where he worked as an analyst.
Lacan argued that the psychoanalytic movement towards understanding the ego as an active and dominating force in the self was a misinterpretation of the Freudian roots. Lacan stated that the self remained in eternal internal conflict and that only extensive self-deceit made the situation bearable.