- 1243: Innocent IV becomes pope.
- 1519: Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
- 1635: Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
- 1838: Queen Victoria crowned.
- 1894: Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
- 1914: Archduke Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophia are killed by a Serbian nationalist, the casus belli of World War I.
- 1919: The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending World War I.
- 1950: Seoul captured by troups from North Korea.
- 1960: US-owned oil refineries in Cuba confiscated and nationalised.
- 1967: Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
- 1997: Boxer Mike Tyson is disqualified for biting off part of the ear of his opponent Evander Holyfield.
- 1476: pope Paul IV
- 1491: Henry VIII, king of England
- 1577: Peter Paul Rubens, painter
- 1712: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, philosopher
- 1902: Richard Rodgers, composer
- 1926: Mel Brooks, filmmaker
- 1948: Clarence Thomas, Supreme Court judge
- 767: pope Paul I
- 1598: Abraham Ortelius, cartographer
- 1836: James Madison, president of the US
- 1914: Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (assassination)
- 1989: Joris Ivens, filmmaker
- 2001: Jack Lemmon, actor
- 2001: Joan Sims, actress
- 2001: Jim Ellis, co-creator of Usenet
- 2001: Mortimer Adler, philosopher