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Colourless, thin liquid. A hydrocarbon mix, it is obtained in the fractional distillation of oil at 150°C and 275°C (the C12 to C15 range). At one time very widely used in lamps but now mainly as a fuel in jet engines.

Abraham Gesner named it in 1854 from the Greek word keros (wax).

Also called kerosine and coal oil..