Konrad Zacharias Lorenz

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Konrad Zacharias Lorenz November 7 1903 - February 27 1989

Austrian zoologist, founder of modern ethology. He studied instinctive behaviour in animals, especially in grey geese. He discovered the priciple of imprinting in psychology.

Professor at the University of Vienna from 1928-1935, professor for Psychology at the University of Konigsberg 1940, joined the German army in 1941, POW in Russia 1944-48. The Max Planck Society establishes the Lorenz institute for behavioural physiology in Buldern, northern Germany in 1950. In 1958 he transfered to the MPI for Behavioural Physiology in Seewiesen. He published his best known book in 1963 Das sogenannte Böse which espouses his "Triebstauhypothese" (the "Psychohydraulic Model of Motivation"). He retired from the MPI in 1973 but continued to research and publish from Altenberg and Grunau in Austria. He died on February 27, 1989, in Altenberg.

For discoveries in individual and social behavior patterns, Lorenz shared the 1973 Nobel prize in physiology or medicine with Niko Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch.

There are three Konrad Lorenz Institutes in Austria.

External links : http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/1973/lorenz-autobio.html (Image and short autobiography)
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