Louis IX of France

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Saint Louis IX, Capetian King of France, was the son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile (born at Poissy, France, April 25, 1215; died near Tunis, 25 August, 1270).

Louis VIII died when his son was eleven years old, leaving his widow Blanche as Regent from 1226 to 1234. She continued as an important councillor to her son until her death in 1253.

The art patronage of Louis drove much innovation in Gothic art and architecture, and the style of his court radiated throughout Europe by both the purchase of art objects from Parisian masters for export and by the marriage of the king's many daughters to foreign husbands and their subsequent introduction of Parisian models elsewhere. Louis' personal chapel, the Sainte Chapelle in Paris, was copied more than once by his descendents elsewhere.

Louis went on crusade twice, in 1248 and then in 1270; he died in Tunis.

Pope Boniface VIII proclaimed the canonization of Louis in 1297.